Skincare Products to look out for

Ingredients to Look Out for in Skincare Products

To keep your skin glowing and beautiful, it requires a delicate balance. There are a lot of skincare products out there and scientists seem to come up with new ‘miracle’ ingredients every day – with complicated names that usually mean nothing to most of us! Here we take a look at some skincare ingredients that are often used, and more importantly, which ones will give you the best results, and which ones you should avoid.

Skincare ingredients you like to see

For a good skincare product, go for something that includes some or all of the following:

1. Retinoids

Retinoids increase collagen production, which will plump your skin, unclog pores, and increase cell turnover. These vitamin A derivatives have healing power, but may cause redness, peeling, and flaking when first trying the regime. It may take 12 weeks to make improvements, but it can minimise lines and discoloration if used according to directions. Retinoids should not be used when you will be exposed to the sun, and you should wait 15 minutes to apply retinoids to your face after washing the face. 

2. Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid naturally occurs in the human body and is designed to regulate cell renewal. It will lubricate the skin and connective tissue and maintain elasticity. The skin becomes smoother and softer with hyaluronic acid based skin treatments. The regime is recommended for dehydrated skin. Since it occurs naturally in the body, it's a safer alternative for people who may be sensitive to other synthetic agents. 

3. Ceramide 

Ceramides hold skin cells together and can form a protective layer that will plump the skin and retain the moisture. Lipid molecules are found in high concentrations in the cell membranes, and these membranes will plump the skin and retain moisture. Ceramides will replenish natural lipids that are lost during the aging process and from exposure to harsh environmental factors. People with eczema will benefit from ceramides. 

4. Peptides will restore the Youthfulness in Skin

The skin's natural elasticity is affected by the active proteins in the cells. Peptide may signal production of elastin which will improve the skin's elasticity with the production of more elastin. Peptides will minimise wrinkles by producing collagen and alleviating redness. When the muscles relax, wrinkles will be minimised. 

5. Alpha Hydroxy acid (AHA) and Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA) 

AHAs are derived from primarily from fruit and milk. The active ingredients include glycolic acid, lactic acid, and malic acid. Glycolic acid can be found in sugar cane. Lactic acid can be found in milk, and malic acid may be found in apples and pears. BHA typically refers to salicylic acid and is derived from plants. 

AHAs are water soluble and will only work at the surface layer of the skin. BHAs are oil soluble and will penetrate deep into skin. As the BHAs penetrate, they will aid in the removal of dead skin cells that are clogged in the pores. People who have blackheads and whiteheads from oily skin will benefits from BHAs. If you need your dull and dry skin to be brightened, you should choose AHAs. 

Skincare ingredients to avoid

Considering many of the below ingredients are commonly used in industry approved skincare products, they are not outright harmful or classed as ‘avoid-at-all-costs’ for everyone. However, if you have delicate skin or you are very conscious about applying non-natural substances to your skin, there are certain types of skincare ingredients to exclude from your beauty regime. These include:

1. Sulphates 

Sulphates are in 90 percent of the products that foam and lather. Since sulphates are derived from coconut, they are seen as somewhat natural. However, some people can experience severe skin irritation when exposed to sulphates.

2. Paraben

Paraben can disrupt the endocrine system and cause hormonal imbalance. It is also found in 90 percent of breast cancer tumours. Although this is not of course linked to applying paraben externally, many may wish to avoid it for this reason. 

3. Colouring Agents

Coal tar from laboratory-derived colours is recognised as a potential allergen.

4. Alcohols 

Alcohols, such as petroleum derivatives, are both drying and irritating and should be avoided for those with dry skin. However, they can be helpful for those with an oily complexion. 

5. Fragrances 

Some fragrances contain chemicals that can be toxic or carcinogenic. Phthalates are also linked to allergies, dizziness, headaches, skin discoloration, vomiting and skin irritation.

Whatever skincare products you choose, it’s important to remember that no two people have the same skin. It’s always advisable, particularly for those with problem skin, to carry out a patch test with a product before applying it to your entire face. The skilled beauty therapists at Keturah are always on-hand to answer any questions you may have about our skincare products and what might be best for your skin-type. 


by Jemma Stergiou

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